Despite altruistic goals, humanitarianism often propagates foreign, and sometimes unjust, power structures where it is employed. Tracing the visual rhetoric of French colonial humanitarianism, Peter J. Bloom's unexpected analysis reveals how the project of remaking the colonies in the image of France was integral to its national identity. French Colonial Documentary investigates how the promise of universal citizenship rights in France was projected onto the colonies as a form of evolutionary interventionism. Bloom focuses on the promotion of French education efforts, hygienic reform, and new agricultural techniques in the colonies as a means of renegotiating the social contract between citizens and the state on an international scale. Bloom's insightful readings disclose the pervasiveness of colonial iconography, including the relationship between "natural man" and colonial subjectivity; representations of the Senegalese Sharpshooters as obedient, brave, and sexualized colonial subjects; and the appeal of exotic adventure narratives in the trans-Saharan film genre. Examining the interconnection between French documentary realism and the colonial enterprise, Bloom demonstrates how the colonial archive is crucial to contemporary Peter J. Bloom is associate professor of film and media studies at the University of California-Santa Barbara.y debates about multiculturalism in France.
French Colonial Documentary investigates how the promise of universal citizenship rights in France was projected onto the colonies as a form of evolutionary interventionism.
Author: Peter J. Bloom
Publisher: U of Minnesota Press
Category: Social Science
Based on rare archival documents and films, this anthology is the first to focus primarily on the use of official and colonial documentary films in the South and South-East Asian regions. Drawing together a range of international scholars, the book sheds new light on historical, theoretical and empirical issues pertaining to the documentary film, in order to better comprehend the significant transformations of the form in the colonial, late colonial and immediate post-colonial period. Covering diverse geographical and colonial contexts in countries like Singapore, Malaysia, the Philippines and Hong Kong, and focusing on under-researched or little-known films, it demonstrate the complex set of relations between the colonisers and the colonised throughout the region.
French cinéma colonial/colonial cinema emerged at the peak of French colonial
expansion in the interwar years with the ... the end of the French Empire in the
early 1960s, documentary films mostly reflected France's determination to
Author: Ian Aitken
Publisher: Edinburgh University Press
Category: Performing Arts
This landmark collection by an international group of scholars and public intellectuals represents a major reassessment of French colonial culture and how it continues to inform thinking about history, memory, and identity. This reexamination of French colonial culture, provides the basis for a revised understanding of its cultural, political, and social legacy and its lasting impact on postcolonial immigration, the treatment of ethnic minorities, and national identity.
The economic Bureau of the Colonies and its as- sociated branches, like the
Maritime and Colonial league, was the only ... However, the Film archives of CnC
has conserved 820 French colonial documentaries on nitrate film from 1896 to ...
Author: Pascal Blanchard
Publisher: Indiana University Press
Argues that interwar documentary film made a substantial contribution to the rewriting of the French national narrative
8 A notable exception is Peter Bloom, French Colonial Documentary:
Mythologies of Humanitarianism (Minneapolis, MN: ... Susse, 1945); Pierre Sorlin
, “The Fanciful Empire: French Feature Films and the Colonies in the 1930s,” FCS
ii (1991): ...
Author: Alison J. Murray Levine
Publisher: A&C Black
This wide-ranging book is the first to offer---in one volume---detailed results of many of the investigations of French colonial sites made in the mid-continent during the last decade. It includes work done at Fort St. Louis, Fort de Chartres, Fort Massac, French Peoria, Cahokia, Prairie du Pont, Prairie du Rocher, and other locations controlled by the French during a time when their dominance in North America was more than twice that of Britain and Spain combined. Five of the book's fifteen chapters summarize major excavations at colonial fortifications, four of which are public monuments that currently attract thousands of visitors each year. Another five chapters deal with French colonial villages, and the remainder of the book is devoted to diet, trade, the role of historic documents in the reconstruction of life on the French colonial frontier, and other topics.
The Illinois Country and the Western Great Lakes Conference on French Colonial
Archaeology in the Illinois Country (1988 ... Access to the documentary record as
a source of data independent of the archaeological record adds another ...
Author: Conference on French Colonial Archaeology in the Illinois Country (1988 : Springfield, Ill.)
Publisher: University of Illinois Press
Long repressed following the collapse of empire, memories of the French colonial experience have recently gained unprecedented visibility. This interdisciplinary volume explores the multiple forms of this upsurge and the forces driving it in popular culture, scholarly research, and public commemorations.
Legacies of French Colonialism Alec G. Hargreaves. Film and Colonial Memory
La Croisière noire 1924 - 2004 Alison Murray Levine N OCTOBER 1924 ,
Georges - Marie Haardt and Louis Audoin - Dubreuil set off Iin Citroën halftrack ...
Author: Alec G. Hargreaves
Publisher: Lexington Books
Documentary Fiction : Images of Sub - Saharan Africa in Colonial Film Between
the Warsi ALISON MURRAY ... French colonial documentaries , in particular ,
reflect specifically the kinds of stories that were being told to the French public
Author: Western Society for French History
Tucked away in a garden on the edge of Paris is a multimedia archive like no other: Albert Kahn's Archives de la Planète (1908-1931). Kahn's vast photo-cinematographic experiment preserved world memory through the privileged lens of everyday life, and Counter-Archive situates this project in its biographic, intellectual, and cinematic contexts. Tracing the archive's key influences, such as the philosopher Henri Bergson, the geographer Jean Brunhes, and the biologist Jean Comandon, Paula Amad maps an alternative landscape of French cultural modernity in which vitalist philosophy cross-pollinated with early film theory, documentary film with the avant-garde, cinematic models of temporality with the early Annales school of history, and film's appropriation of the planet with human geography and colonial ideology. At the heart of the book is an insightful meditation upon the transformed concept of the archive in the age of cinema and an innovative argument about film's counter-archival challenge to history. The first comprehensive study of Kahn's films, Counter-Archive also offers a vital historical perspective on debates involving archives, media, and memory.
Film, the Everyday, and Albert Kahn's Archives de la Planète Paula Amad ... “
Cellular Features,” 909, and Bloom, French Colonial Documentary, 100; and on
Léon Poirier, see Andrew and Ungar, Popular Front Paris and the Poetics of
Author: Paula Amad
Publisher: Columbia University Press
Category: Performing Arts
First published in 1998. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.
I; 50,289 total population, 7,231 Blacks according to census, New York
Documentary History Vol. I, 694; cited from State of British and French Colonies
of North America, 1755, 134; 1737, 50,289 total population, 7,231 Blacks
according to ...
Author: Oscar Williams
An anthology of 70 documents revolving around the theme of Napolean as the first of the modern dictators. A selection of Napoleonic laws, decrees, treaties, policy statements, and other miscellaneous official French documents of the period, all directly inspired and approved by Napoleaon.
... of organization will be determined by the regulations of public administration ; it
must be done by October 1 , 1804 ; and , beyond that time , they may only be
changed by law . - 26Law re - establishing slavery in the French colonies ; May
Author: Eric Anderson Arnold
Publisher: University Press of Amer
Semiotics and Documentary Film: The Living Sign in the Cinema engages with very vital problems posed by Peirce's philosophy in an innovative and inter-disciplinary fashion by examining how documentary film practice can engage with the question of emergent human agency within a wider biosphere shared by human animals and non-human animals alike. The book is in many ways a celebration of human inquiry, taking liberally from Peirce's semeiotic and parallel ideas within recent visual anthropology. Through an analysis of the work of three renowned filmmakers - Jon Jost, Johan Van der Keuken, and Rithy Panh - Semiotics and Documentary Film: The Living Sign in the Cinema reasserts human agency within a global age, dominated by philosophical scepticism and an unquestioning subservience to mechanistic military techno-culture. The author argues that an approach to documentary inquiry, broadly derived from Peirce's sign theory, phenomenology, and overall philosophical outlook, has strong advantages over atemporal formal approaches derived from Saussurean semiology. Nevertheless, this project is also both critical and self-critical. It also bears direct testament to the many tumultuous and life-destroying events of the late 20th century and reminds us of the moral and philosophical problems which we are still grappling with in the early 21st century. Hence - the Living Sign.
Without discounting the many years of neglect and misrule under the French
colonial regime, his country was terribly damaged during America's interference
in South-East Asia in the late 1960s and early 1970s. This was mentioned
directly in ...
Author: Hing Tsang
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
"On the occasion of the fiftieth anniversary of the French Nouvelle Vague, this volume of Yale French studies aims to take the pulse of French and Francophone cinema today by exploring the national, transnational, and post-colonial spaces of twenty-first-century France."--From publisher description.
Additionally , francophone film has included production at extra - hexagonal sites
within the European Union itself as a ... As Peter Bloom has indicated in his book
French Colonial Documentary : Mythologies of Humanitarianism , “ The ...
Author: James F. Austin
Category: Foreign Language Study
A documentary history of Emma Goldman's life and work in the United States. This is the first of a three-volume set of the most important letters, newspaper articles, speeches, government documents, and photographs covering Goldman's life from her arrival in the US through 1905, when she founded the anarchist magazine "Mother Earth."
Louise Michel addressed the meeting in French to the effect that the speakers
preceding her had spoken of English and ... The colonial aspirations of the Third
Republic had led to war and an anti - French movement in Madagascar that first ...
Author: Emma Goldman
Publisher: Univ of California Press
IMPERIALISM French Colonial Policy Jules Ferry ( 1832 – 1893 ) was premier of
France twice in the years 1880 – 1885 . During this period ... In 1890 , in the
preface to a book on Tonkin , Ferry explained his theory of colonialism . From
Category: Civilization, Western
Cinematic Terror takes a uniquely long view of filmmakers' depiction of terrorism, examining how cinema has been a site of intense conflict between paramilitaries, state authorities and censors for well over a century. In the process, it takes us on a journey from the first Age of Terror that helped trigger World War One to the Global War on Terror that divides countries and families today. Tony Shaw looks beyond Hollywood to pinpoint important trends in the ways that film industries across Europe, North and South America, Asia, Africa and the Middle East have defined terrorism down the decades. Drawing on a vast array of studio archives, government documentation, personal interviews and box office records, Shaw examines the mechanics of cinematic terrorism and challenges assumptions about the links between political violence and propaganda.
A Global History of Terrorism on Film Tony Shaw ... Pontecorvo and Solinas's
critique of anti-colonialism in 'Para' centred on a series of flashbacks to 1957,
including scenes of brutal French interrogations of FLN suspects, and ended with
Author: Tony Shaw
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing USA
Category: Performing Arts
East Asian cinema has become a worldwide phenonemon, and directors such as Park Chan-wook, Wong Kar Wai, and Takashi Miike have become household names. Dekalog 4: On East Asian Filmmakers solicits scholars from Japan, Hong Kong, Switzerland, North America, and the U.K. to offer unique readings of selected East Asian directors and their works. Directors examined include Zhang Yimou, Apichatpong Weerasethakul, Rithy Panh, Kinji Fukasaku, and Jia Zhangke, and the volume includes one of the first surveys of Japanese and Chinese female filmmakers, providing singular insight into East Asian film and the filmmakers that have brought it global recognition.
Last but not least, Panh's connection to the Asian documentary runs through the
idea of the personal film, which is ... Cambodia and Vietnam invaded it, the
country 'had been mummified by ninety years of a French colonial protectorate .
Author: Kate E. Taylor-Jones
Publisher: Columbia University Press
Category: Performing Arts
This book discusses the experience of French colonial prisoners of war captured by Nazi Germany during World War II. It illustrates that the colonial prisoners' contradictory experiences with French authorities, French civilians, and German guards led to clashes with a colonial administration eager to return to a discriminatory routine following the war.
In the fall of 1940, an anonymous French prisoner – probably a white Frenchman
– complained about the situation in ... 2 Although the prisoner added that he also
witnessed wonderful friendships in the camps, the documentary record for the ...
Author: Raffael Scheck
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
All historians would agree that America is a nation of nations. But what does that mean in terms of the issues that have moved and shaped us as a people? Contemporary concerns such as bilingualism, incorporation/assimilation, dual identity, ethnic politics, quotas and affirmative action, residential segregation, and the volume of immigration resonate with a past that has confronted variations of these modern issues. The Columbia Documentary History of Race and Ethnicity in America, written and compiled by a highly respected team of American historians under the editorship of Ronald Bayor, illuminates the myriad ways in which immigration, racial, and ethnic histories have shaped the contours of contemporary American society. This invaluable resource documents all eras of the American past, including black–white interactions and the broad spectrum of American attitudes and reactions concerning Native Americans, Irish Catholics, Mexican Americans, Jewish Americans, and other groups. Each of the eight chronological chapters contains a survey essay, an annotated bibliography, and 20 to 30 related public and private primary source documents, including manifestos, speeches, court cases, letters, memoirs, and much more. From the 1655 petition of Jewish merchants regarding the admission of Jews to the New Netherlands colony to an interview with a Chinese American worker regarding a 1938 strike in San Francisco, documents are drawn from a variety of sources and allow students and others direct access to our past. Selections include Powhatan to John Smith, 1609 Thomas Jefferson—"Notes on the State of Virginia" Petition of the Trustees of Congregation Shearith Israel, 1811 Bessie Conway or, The Irish Girl in America German Society in Chicago, Annual Report, 1857–1858. "Mark Twain's Salutation to the Century" W. E. B. DuBois, "Of Our Spiritual Strivings" NAACP on Black Schoolteachers'Fight for Equal Pay Malcom X speech, 1964 Hewy Newton interview and Black Panther Party platform Preamble—La Raza Unida Party Lee lacocca speech to Ethnic Heritage Council of the Pacific Northwest, 1984 Native American Graves and Repatriation Act, 1990 L.A. riot—from the Los Angeles Times, May 3, 15, 1992; Nov. 16, 19, 1992 Asian American Political Alliance President Clinton's Commission on Race, Town Meeting, 1997 Louis Farrakhan—"The Vision for the Million Man March"
By the end of the century, the crescent of colonies that hugged the Atlantic Ocean
on the North American mainland reflected the variety of motives and methods of
their founders: some colonies had ... the French and Spanish colonial world.
Author: Ronald H. Bayor
Publisher: Columbia University Press
Polyglot Cinema brings together a diverse group of scholars from Europe, Canada and the US, resulting in a dynamic account of plurilingual migrant narratives in contemporary films from France, Italy, Portugal and Spain. In addition to the close analysis of key films, the essays cover theories of translation and language use as well as central paradigms of cultural studies, especially those of locality, globality and post-colonialism. The volume marks a transdisciplinary contribution to the question of cultural representation within film studies.
... the French colonial administrators, which is how he managed to film a docu-
fiction entitled Rasalama martiora2 (1937). ... He then made a documentary on
the famous Senegalese sculptor Ousmane Sow before directing his second
Author: Verena Berger
Publisher: LIT Verlag Münster
Category: Social Science
Volume 39 of FLS French Literature Series features ten articles on the topic of the environment in French and Francophone Literature and Film. Contributors engage with the work of such authors, filmakers and cartoonists as Michel Serres, Luc Ferry, Patrice Nganang, Marie Darrieussecq, Yann-Arthus Bertrand and Plantu, and such topics as human zoos, eco-colonialism, queer theory, and the environmental catastrophes of WWI and, globally, of human civilization as recorded in the recent eco-documentary, HOME . Wide-ranging, provocative and topical these articles both broaden and deepen the efficacy.
French. and. Francophone. Literature. and. Film: An. Introduction. The theme for
the thirty-ninth of our annual French ... philosophical treatises, political cartoons
— extending in time from the early modem to the post-colonial and in space from
Author: Jeff Persels
Category: Literary Criticism