The Male Homosexual in Literature

"Ian Young's 1982 The Male Homosexual in Literature: A Bibliography is an outstanding work of careful research and dedication." -- Michael Bronski

Author: Ian Young

Publisher: Requeered Tales

ISBN: 1951092171

Category: Reference

Page: 444

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Classic guide to English-language works of fiction, drama, poetry and autobiography concerned with male homosexuality or having male homosexual characters through 1981. "Ian Young's 1982 The Male Homosexual in Literature: A Bibliography is an outstanding work of careful research and dedication." -- Michael Bronski

Sexual Heretics

This book, first published in 1970, is an anthology of English prose and verse, either homosexual in tone or providing a vehicle for homosexual emotions, and in several examples even overtly and experimentally frank.

Author: Brian Reade

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781351816830

Category: Social Science

Page: 478

View: 352

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The years between 1850 and 1900 were the vintage years of a discreet homosexual culture in England. In this period, educational, personal and foreign influences all contributed to the establishment of a trend expressed in the works of authors such as John Addington Symonds, Walter Pater, and A.E. Housman, and in those of lesser writers, now largely forgotten. This book, first published in 1970, is an anthology of English prose and verse, either homosexual in tone or providing a vehicle for homosexual emotions, and in several examples even overtly and experimentally frank. The book includes an introduction by Brian Reade explaining the network of friendships and associations which underlay this development and tracing some of its origins.

Willa Cather s Sexual Aesthetics and the Male Homosexual Literary Tradition

In this first full-length study of male homosexuality in Cather's short stories and novels, John P. Anders examines patterns of male friendship ranging on a continuum from the social to the sexual.

Author: John P. Anders

Publisher: U of Nebraska Press

ISBN: 0803259409

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 187

View: 467

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In this first full-length study of male homosexuality in Cather's short stories and novels, John P. Anders examines patterns of male friendship ranging on a continuum from the social to the sexual. He reveals how Cather's work assumes an unexpected depth and complexity by drawing on both the familiar tradition of friendship literature inspired by classical and Christian texts and a homosexual legacy that is part of, yet distinct from, established literary traditions. ø Anders argues that Cather's artistic achievement is distinguished by her sexual aesthetics, an elusive literary style inextricably associated with homosexuality. His analysis demonstrates how a homosexual ethos and eros helped Cather develop a sensitivity to human variation and a style to accommodate it and thus became the objective correlative of her art, dramatizing the diversity of human nature as it deepens the mystery of her work.

Calamus

An international anthology of poetry, drama, short stories, and novellas examines divers dimensions of the homosexual experience and includes works by Cavafy, Lawrence, Hemingway, Isherwood, Burroughs, and Ginsberg

Author: David D. Galloway

Publisher: William Morrow & Company

ISBN: STANFORD:36105002540487

Category: Gay men

Page: 503

View: 381

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An international anthology of poetry, drama, short stories, and novellas examines divers dimensions of the homosexual experience and includes works by Cavafy, Lawrence, Hemingway, Isherwood, Burroughs, and Ginsberg

A Road to Stonewall

Most of the texts Fone analyzes presume that sexuality is the central aspect of identity.

Author: Byrne R. S. Fone

Publisher: Twayne Pub

ISBN: UOM:39015031866893

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 303

View: 829

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Since the June 1969 uprising at New York's Stonewall Inn, the very word "Stonewall" has become etched in the American psyche as a synonym for "liberation." Stonewall proved a cataclysmic marker in the lives of gay men and lesbians: it was the point after which gay people were no longer content to live in fearful silence as their most basic rights were trampled on or ignored. Stonewall happened because homosexuals of all races revolted against an act of official oppression. It was indeed a beginning, but it was also the culmination of a long struggle against the tyranny of socially regulated and defined speech about homosexuality. In this insightful and engaging analysis, Byrne R. S. Fone maps out one very significant road to Stonewall - the literary course of male homoerotic desire and the homophobia that has made so much of what homosexuals have written so passionate and moving. Most of the texts Fone analyzes presume that sexuality is the central aspect of identity. Whereas gay literature since 1969 has been a vocal and supporting partner to the activism that has characterized the movement for lesbian and gay rights, before 1969 there were few political initiatives and only a handful of organized groups: the text was dominant.

From AIDS to Assimilation

This chapter looks at two subgenres of Swedish literature: the young adult novels Duktig pojke (1977) by Inger Edelfeldt and Spelar roll (1993) by Hans Olsson; the gay chick lit novels Jaktsäsongen (2006) and Bekantas bekanta (2007).

Author: Timothy Ryan Warburton

Publisher:

ISBN: OCLC:906734280

Category: AIDS (Disease) in literature

Page: 240

View: 480

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This dissertation examines representations of male homosexuality in Swedish literature from 1968-2013. Since the initial visibility of homosexuality with the coming-out of Bengt Martin on Swedish television in 1968, dominant gay rights discourses in Sweden have been characterized by internal dissent over the "proper" image of male homosexuality. Rather than tracing is origins to the Stonewall Inn Riots of 1969, this dissertation focuses on the AIDS crisis as a crucial and pivotal turning point in the history of homosexuality, and as playing an integral role in the shaping of contemporary discourses on male homosexuality. The project expands the history of homosexuality in Sweden beyond legislative milestones, and analyzes key sociopolitical moments in Swedish history in order to locate the literary representations into a broader context. This study is organized into four chapters that examine the literary representations of male homosexuality. The first two chapters of this study offer analyzes of the literary history as well as the political and legal discourses through which ideas about homosexuality were circulated. Chapter I discusses Bengt Martin's coming-out on Swedish television, and argues that Martin's trilogy about the young homosexual in Stockholm, Sodomsäpplet (1968), Nejlikmusslan (1969) and Finnas till (1970), first established literature as a space in which dominant ideas about homosexuality were contradicted. Prior to Martin's coming-out, the medical profession and legal discourses produced information about homosexuality unilaterally. Chapter II examines Ola Klingberg's Onans bok (1999) in the context of two pieces of legislation surrounding HIV/AIDS, inclusion of HIV under Smittskyddslagen (1985) and Bastuklubbslagen (1987). This chapter analyzes the legacy of these pieces of legislation in both Onans bok and the coming-out of Swedish pop star Andreas Lundstedt in 2008. The two latter chapters of this dissertation reflect the shift in the way homosexuality and gay identity have been discussed in a broader sense since the late 1980s, and thus employs a more theoretical framework in order to drive its discussion. Chapter III works with the idea of the cultural amnesia of the AIDS crisis, which was undertaken by dominant gay rights discourses in order to promote a bourgeois image of male homosexuality. This chapter looks at two subgenres of Swedish literature: the young adult novels Duktig pojke (1977) by Inger Edelfeldt and Spelar roll (1993) by Hans Olsson; the gay chick lit novels Jaktsäsongen (2006) and Bekantas bekanta (2007). The analysis focuses on the symptoms experienced by gay culture and identity as a result of the phenomenon of cultural amnesia. Chapter IV employs trauma theory to examine Jonas Gardell's trilogy Torka aldrig tårar utan handskar (2012-13) and focuses on the idea of the double trauma of the AIDS crisis. This chapter argues that Gardell's trilogy demanded a cultural recollection of the AIDS crisis, and engages scholar Sara Edenheim's critique of the media discourse that ensued. This dissertation considers the broader effects of the overall increase in acceptability and visibility of homosexuality, and concludes that literary representations of male homosexuality demonstrate a distinct departure from earlier representations that were informed by medical discourses and discourses of disease; the analysis presented in this study demonstrates how representations of male homosexuality published after the AIDS crisis unanimously support gay identity as a valid expression of an authentic self. The study also concludes that Jonas Gardell's trilogy marks a crucial shift in the role of representations of homosexuality in literature, as the trilogy is the first example of literary discourses of homosexuality informing dominant discourses on cultural memory and sexual identity.

French Gay Modernism

Far from being simply shunned or marginalized, a number of these works were instead accepted as canonical.

Author: Lawrence R. Schehr

Publisher: University of Illinois Press

ISBN: 0252029453

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 201

View: 555

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The first four decades of the twentieth century saw male homosexuality appear in French literature with increasing frequency and boldness. Departing from earlier, more muted presentations, André Gide, Marcel Proust, Jean Cocteau, René Crevel, Francis Carco, and a host of less-famous writers, all created overtly gay characters are gave them increasingly numerous and significant roles. Far from being simply shunned or marginalized, a number of these works were instead accepted as canonical. Lawrence Schehr's French Gay Modernism is the only study devoted to the analyzing these representations of male homosexuality in early twentieth-century French literature. Schehr explains how earlier representations of homosexuality, encoded rather than conspicuous, served as a basis for later writers to treat homosexual behavior as sets of relationships rather than as secrets or scandals. The prominence of authors such as Proust and Gide also helped other writers take up homosexual relationships in their work, often by adopting the same representational strategies. Schehr doesn't limit his study to high literary culture, however. He devotes considerable attention to popular writers whose homosexual characters encounter contempt, scorn, and worse and whose portrayals of homosexual couples and society were at once more open and more at risk.

Gay Men s Literature in the Twentieth Century

Beginning with Wilde's and Byron's existentialist outlaw, the theme of social rebellion, and the fight against conformity, form a common link among the literary works of the twentieth century.

Author: Mark Lilly

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 9780814750810

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 233

View: 472

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In gay men's writing, tenderness lies side by side with rage; existential rejection of convention rubs shoulders with sexual hedonism. Beginning with Wilde's and Byron's existentialist outlaw, the theme of social rebellion, and the fight against conformity, form a common link among the literary works of the twentieth century. But mainstream academic criticism has shown itself for the most part incapable of engaging gay work without distorting or ignoring its most central features.

Literature and Homosexuality

Contains 13 essays, mostly written by American university-based professors of English, Hispanic language and literature, and women's studies, focusing on a variety of themes relating to lesbian and gay literature and the work of gay and ...

Author: Michael J. Meyer

Publisher: Rodopi

ISBN: 9042005297

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 268

View: 538

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Contains 13 essays, mostly written by American university-based professors of English, Hispanic language and literature, and women's studies, focusing on a variety of themes relating to lesbian and gay literature and the work of gay and lesbian authors. Lacks a subject index. Annotation copyrighted by Book News Inc., Portland, OR

Reading and Writing Italian Homosexuality

Derek Duncan's timely study is the first book in English to examine constructions of male homosexuality in Italian literature. In admirably clear and elegant prose, Duncan analyzes texts ranging from the 1890s through the 1990s.

Author: Derek Duncan

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781351906678

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 184

View: 748

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Derek Duncan's timely study is the first book in English to examine constructions of male homosexuality in Italian literature. In admirably clear and elegant prose, Duncan analyzes texts ranging from the 1890s through the 1990s. He brings canonical authors like D'Annunzio and Pasolini together with under-appreciated writers like Comisso, and also looks at less conventionally literary genres. Duncan takes on the thorny theoretical issues surrounding questions of gay identity and also provides a sound historical context for his discussion of how Italian narrative sheds light on Italian homosexuality and on the broader issues attending contemporary sexuality, including complicating factors such as race. While the early texts considered were produced at a historical moment when 'homosexuality' as a culturally meaningful entity had yet to crystallize, recent autobiographies show the authors reflecting explicitly on questions of gay identity and what it means to be a homosexual male in present-day Italy. In charting the emergence of the homosexual in twentieth-century Italy, however, Duncan's focus is less on questions of identity than on the meaning attributed to sex between men in the broader cultural context. His book is a significant contribution to Italian literary criticism and to gender, gay, and cultural studies.

Homosexuality in Renaissance and Enlightenment England

This new book significantly contributes to an increased understanding of the gay and lesbian experience as it illuminates important works of literature and clarifies the status of same-sex desire in English literature from 1500--1760.

Author: Claude J Summers

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317972259

Category: Fiction

Page: 232

View: 524

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This new book significantly contributes to an increased understanding of the gay and lesbian experience as it illuminates important works of literature and clarifies the status of same-sex desire in English literature from 1500--1760. Homosexual themes can be found throughout the literature of the English Renaissance and Enlightenment, but only rarely are they direct and unambiguous. The essays here are engaged in a vital and necessary process of re-historicizing and re-contextualizing literature. Utilizing a variety of critical methods and proceeding from several different theoretical and ideological presuppositions, these essays raise important questions about the methodology of gay studies, about the conception of same-sex desire, about the depiction of homoerotics, and about the relationship of sexuality and textuality, even as they shed new light on the homosexual import of a number of significant works of literature. Among the authors studied are Christopher Marlowe, William Shakespeare, John Donne, Lady Mary Wroth, Katherine Philips, Aphra Behn, John Cleland, and Thomas Gray. The collection attests both the current intellectual ferment in gay studies and the richness of English Renaissance and eighteenth-century literary representations of homosexuality. Homosexuality in Renaissance and Enlightenment England provides numerous insights into important works of literature and into significant theoretical issues implicit in the process of discerning and defining homosexuality in texts of earlier ages. All the contributors locate their texts in carefully delineated cultural and historical milieux. But they are not unduly constrained by either the tyranny of theory or the anxieties of anachronism. Rather than proceeding from hidebound or fashionably current ideologies, they sift the texts they study for the concrete evidence from which theories of sexuality might be constructed or modified. Hence, the collection will be valuable both for its practical criticism and for its theoretical contributions. It vividly illustrates the variety of gay studies in literature, especially as applied to works of earlier ages.

Scandal in the Ink

Looks at GLBT themes in French literature.

Author: Christopher Robinson

Publisher: Burns & Oates

ISBN: UOM:39015033989024

Category: History

Page: 272

View: 365

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Looks at GLBT themes in French literature.

Essays on Gay Literature

An important contribution to the rapidly growing field of gay literary criticism and scholarship, this volume contains well-written and intelligently argued essays on the the homosexual tradition in Western literature.

Author: Stuart Kellogg

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781136565991

Category: Social Science

Page: 184

View: 929

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An important contribution to the rapidly growing field of gay literary criticism and scholarship, this volume contains well-written and intelligently argued essays on the the homosexual tradition in Western literature. The first book of its kind, Essays on Gay Literature investigates the ways in which homosexuality has been viewed by a variety of authors from the Middle Ages to the present, including William Shakespeare, Christopher Marlowe, E. M. Forster, James Merrill, Henry James, and William Faulkner.

Islamic Homosexualities

The first collection on this topic from a historical and anthropological perspective, Homosexuality in the Muslim World reveals that patterns of male and female homosexuality have existed and often flourished within the Islamic world.

Author: Will Roscoe

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 9780814769386

Category: Social Science

Page: 340

View: 692

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The dramatic impact of Islamic fundamentalism in recent years has skewed our image of Islamic history and culture. Stereotypes depict Islamic societies as economically backward, hyper-patriarchal, and fanatically religious. But in fact, the Islamic world encompasses a great diversity of cultures and a great deal of variation within those cultures in terms of gender roles and sexuality. The first collection on this topic from a historical and anthropological perspective, Homosexuality in the Muslim World reveals that patterns of male and female homosexuality have existed and often flourished within the Islamic world. Indeed, same-sex relations have, until quite recently, been much more tolerated under Islam than in the Christian West. Based on the latest theoretical perspectives in gender studies, feminism, and gay studies, Homosexuality in the Muslim World includes cultural and historical analyses of the entire Islamic world, not just the so-called Middle East. Essays show both age-stratified patterns of homosexuality, as revealed in the erotic and romantic poetry of medieval poets, and gender-based patterns, in which both men and women might, to varying degrees, choose to live as members of the opposite sex. The contributors draw on historical documents, literary texts, ethnographic observation and direct observation by both Muslim and non-Muslim authors to show the considerable diversity of Islamic societies and the existence of tolerated gender and sexual variances.

The Nazi Abduction of Ganymede

The Nazi Abduction of Ganymede traces the development of a postwar West German literary tradition that participated in parallel developments in philosophy, psychoanalysis, and popular culture, all of which continued to find new ways to link ...

Author: Gary Schmidt

Publisher: Peter Lang Pub Incorporated

ISBN: UOM:39015058248207

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 307

View: 546

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The male homosexual appears in many guises in postwar West German literature: whether he is a sexually predatory soldier, corrupt teacher, decadent artist, purveyor of kitsch, or powerful industrialist, he appears almost always as an insider of the social and political system. Writers such as Heinrich Boll, Wolfgang Koeppen and Alfred Anderch utilized images of homosexuality in order to examine the Nazi past and to critique the Federal Republic of Germany. Their literary depictions are infomed by discourses that circulated in the early twentieth century, including the scientism of Magnus Hirschfeld, the masculinism of the German youth movement and the Gemeinschaft der Eigenen, and the literary irony of Thomas Mann. Pre-Nazi images of homosexuality reappear in postwar West German literature in a new sociohistorical context, in which the meaning of the Nazi past and its relationship to the new Federal Republic is debated on many levels. The Nazi Abduction of Ganymede traces the development of a postwar West German literary tradition that participated in parallel developments in philosophy, psychoanalysis, and popular culture, all of which continued to find new ways to link homosexuality with fascism.

Gay and Lesbian Literature Since World War II

Other chapters: outline the history of The Ladder from its initial publication in 1956 as the official vehicle of the Daughters of Bilitis to its final issue as a privately published literary magazine in 1972 examine Baldwin’s 1962 novel ...

Author: Sonya L Jones

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317971146

Category: Fiction

Page: 258

View: 310

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Gay and Lesbian Literature Since World War II chronicles the multifaceted explosion of gay and lesbian writing that has taken place in the second half of the twentieth century. Encompassing a wide range of subject matter and a balance of gay and lesbian concerns, it includes work by established scholars as well as young theoreticians and archivists who have initiated new areas of investigation. The contributors’examinations of this rich literary period make it easy to view the half-century from 1948 to 1998 as the Queer Renaissance. Included in Gay and Lesbian Literature Since World War II are critical and social analyses of literary movements, novels, short fiction, periodicals, and poetry as well as a look at the challenges of establishing a repository for lesbian cultural history. Specific chapters in this groundbreaking work trace the development of gay poetry in America after World War II; examine how AIDS is represented in the first four Latino novels to deal with the subject matter; and chronicle the birth of lesbian-feminist publishing in the 1970s--showing how it created a flourishing gay literature in the 1980s and 1990s. Other chapters: outline the history of The Ladder from its initial publication in 1956 as the official vehicle of the Daughters of Bilitis to its final issue as a privately published literary magazine in 1972 examine Baldwin’s 1962 novel Another Country and discuss the complicated critical history of this work and its relation to Baldwin’s literary reputation--racial, sexual, and political factors are taken into account chart how Other Voices, Other Rooms, by Truman Capote, and The House of Breath, by William Goyen, reveal contradictory genderings of male homosexuality--suggesting an absence of a unified model of mid-twentieth-century male homosexuality argue that the 1976 novel Lover, by Bertha Harris, can be considered an exemplary novel within discussions of both postmodern fiction and lesbian theory. (The author calls for Harris to be added to the group of writers such as Wittig, Anzaldúa, Lorde, and Winterson, who are discussed within the context of a postmodern lesbian narrative.) examine the short fiction of Canadian lesbian novelist Jane Rule in an effort to shed light on lesbian creative practice in the homophobic climate of postwar North America argue for an understanding of Dale Peck’s novel Martin and John as an attempt to link two apparently different processes of import to contemporary male subjects through examination of the novel alongside selected passages from Nietzsche and Freud focus on the pragmatic issues of developing and maintaining accessible research venues from which to cultivate the study of racial and cultural diversity in lesbian lives Document the history of the Lesbian Herstory Archives, one of the first lesbian-specific collections in the world, from its birth in the early 1970s to the present.