Manhood Citizenship and the National Guard

In this book, Eleanor L. Hannah studies the social history of the National Guard, focusing on issues of manhood and citizenship as they relate to the rise of the state militias.

Author: Eleanor L. Hannah

Publisher: Ohio State University Press

ISBN: 9780814210451

Category: History

Page: 304

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"During the Gilded Age and the Progressive Era, thousands upon thousands of American men devoted their time and money to the creation of an unsought - and in some quarters unwelcome - revived state militia. In this book, Eleanor L. Hannah studies the social history of the National Guard, focusing on issues of manhood and citizenship as they relate to the rise of the state militias." "The implications of this book are far-reaching, for it offers historians a fresh look at a long-ignored group of men and unites social and cultural history to explore changing notions of manhood and citizenship during years of frenetic change in the American landscape."--BOOK JACKET.

Manhood Citizenship and the National Guard

In this book, Eleanor L. Hannah studies the social history of the National Guard, focusing on issues of manhood and citizenship as they relate to the rise of the state militias.

Author: Eleanor Hannah

Publisher:

ISBN: 0814257259

Category:

Page: 316

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During the Gilded Age and the Progressive Era, thousands upon thousands of American men devoted their time and money to the creation of an unsought--and in some quarters unwelcome--revived state militia. In this book, Eleanor L. Hannah studies the social history of the National Guard, focusing on issues of manhood and citizenship as they relate to the rise of the state militias. In brief, the National Guard of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries is best interpreted as one of a host of associations and organizations that American men of those eras devised to help them negotiate their location and purpose in the strange new world of industrial capitalism. The National Guards brought men from a wide array of regions, ethnicities, races, and economic backgrounds together in a single organization. These men were united by a shared understanding of ideal manhood and civic responsibility that could be expressed through membership in a state militia. Once committed to the power of the word and the image evoked by the term "soldier" to bring diverse men together in one common bond, the men who volunteered their time and money had to give soldiering their serious attention. By 1900 a commitment to soldiering that was founded on shared social needs took on a life of its own and refocused National Guard members on an individualized, technical, professional military training--on a new kind of manhood for a new age. The implications of this book are far-reaching, for it offers historians a fresh look at a long-ignored group of men and unites social and cultural history to explore changing notions of manhood and citizenship during years of frenetic change in the American landscape.
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Rough Draft

R. Claire Snyder, Citizen-Soldiers and Manly Warriors: Military Service and
Gender in the Civic Republican Tradition ... Eleanor Hannah, Manhood,
Citizenship and the National Guard: Illinois, 1870–1914 (Columbus: Ohio State
University ...

Author: Amy J. Rutenberg

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 9781501739378

Category: History

Page: 276

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Rough Draft draws the curtain on the race and class inequities of the Selective Service during the Vietnam War. Amy J. Rutenberg argues that policy makers' idealized conceptions of Cold War middle-class masculinity directly affected whom they targeted for conscription and also for deferment. Federal officials believed that college educated men could protect the nation from the threat of communism more effectively as civilians than as soldiers. The availability of deferments for this group mushroomed between 1945 and 1965, making it less and less likely that middle-class white men would serve in the Cold War army. Meanwhile, officials used the War on Poverty to target poorer and racialized men for conscription in the hopes that military service would offer them skills they could use in civilian life. As Rutenberg shows, manpower policies between World War II and the Vietnam War had unintended consequences. While some men resisted military service in Vietnam for reasons of political conscience, most did so because manpower polices made it possible. By shielding middle-class breadwinners in the name of national security, policymakers militarized certain civilian roles—a move that, ironically, separated military service from the obligations of masculine citizenship and, ultimately, helped kill the draft in the United States.

Measuring Manhood

(New York: Oxford University Press, 2011); Dana Nelson, National Manhood:
Capitalist Citizenship and the Imagined ... Press, 2000); Eleanor Hannah,
Manhood, Citizenship, and the National Guard: Illinois, 1870–1917 (Columbus:
Ohio State ...

Author: Melissa N. Stein

Publisher: U of Minnesota Press

ISBN: 9781452944692

Category: Social Science

Page: 368

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From the “gay gene” to the “female brain” and African American students’ insufficient “hereditary background” for higher education, arguments about a biological basis for human difference have reemerged in the twenty-first century. Measuring Manhood shows where they got their start. Melissa N. Stein analyzes how race became the purview of science in nineteenth- and early twentieth-century America and how it was constructed as a biological phenomenon with far-reaching social, cultural, and political resonances. She tells of scientific “experts” who advised the nation on its most pressing issues and exposes their use of gender and sex differences to conceptualize or buttress their claims about racial difference. Stein examines the works of scientists and scholars from medicine, biology, ethnology, and other fields to trace how their conclusions about human difference did no less than to legitimize sociopolitical hierarchy in the United States. Covering a wide range of historical actors from Samuel Morton, the infamous collector and measurer of skulls in the 1830s, to NAACP leader and antilynching activist Walter White in the 1930s, this book reveals the role of gender, sex, and sexuality in the scientific making?and unmaking?of race.

Sing Not War

Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography 106 (April 1982): 223–44.
Hannah, Eleanor L. Manhood, Citizenship, and the National Guard: Illinois, 1870
–1917. Columbus: Ohio State University Press, 2007. Hansen, Bert. “New Images
of ...

Author: James Marten

Publisher: UNC Press Books

ISBN: 9780807877685

Category: History

Page: 352

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After the Civil War, white Confederate and Union army veterans reentered--or struggled to reenter--the lives and communities they had left behind. In Sing Not War, James Marten explores how the nineteenth century's "Greatest Generation" attempted to blend back into society and how their experiences were treated by nonveterans. Many soldiers, Marten reveals, had a much harder time reintegrating into their communities and returning to their civilian lives than has been previously understood. Although Civil War veterans were generally well taken care of during the Gilded Age, Marten argues that veterans lost control of their legacies, becoming best remembered as others wanted to remember them--for their service in the war and their postwar political activities. Marten finds that while southern veterans were venerated for their service to the Confederacy, Union veterans often encountered resentment and even outright hostility as they aged and made greater demands on the public purse. Drawing on letters, diaries, journals, memoirs, newspapers, and other sources, Sing Not War illustrates that during the Gilded Age "veteran" conjured up several conflicting images and invoked contradicting reactions. Deeply researched and vividly narrated, Marten's book counters the romanticized vision of the lives of Civil War veterans, bringing forth new information about how white veterans were treated and how they lived out their lives.

Citizenship Identity and Social History

Contestation concerned the character of revolutionary government and its
executors , but for ordinary French people it also concerned citizenship , identity
and military service . It took place against a background of manhood suffrage and
 ...

Author: Charles Tilly

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 052155814X

Category: History

Page: 236

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A collection of original essays on citizenship and identity.

Citizenship versus secularists and sacerdotalists in the matter of national teaching by a Birmingham liberal J A Partridge

... balance of the State in manhood : “ protect ” intellect by morality , and morality
by intellect : guard against infidelity and ... if safety be not found in the symmetry
of our national manhood , and the completeness of our motive power , it cannot ...

Author: J. Arthur Partridge

Publisher:

ISBN: BL:A0023753037

Category: Church and education

Page: 73

View: 361

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Schools Under Surveillance

allows military recruiters to recruit boys and girls, men and women, and transform
them into the foot soldiers or at the very least trusting supporters of the U.S.
national ... Creating citizens, making men: The military and masculinity in Bolivia.

Author: Torin Monahan

Publisher: Rutgers University Press

ISBN: 0813548268

Category: Social Science

Page: 264

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Schools under Surveillance gathers together some of the very best researchers studying surveillance and discipline in contemporary public schools. Surveillance is not simply about monitoring or tracking individuals and their dataùit is about the structuring of power relations through human, technical, or hybrid control mechanisms. Essays cover a broad range of topics including police and military recruiters on campus, testing and accountability regimes such as No Child Left Behind, and efforts by students and teachers to circumvent the most egregious forms of surveillance in public education. Each contributor is committed to the continued critique of the disparity and inequality in the use of surveillance to target and sort students along lines of race, class, and gender.

New Books on Women Gender and Feminism

FROM CHIVALRY TO TERROR : WAR AND THE CHANGING NATURE OF
MASCULINITY . Baundy , Leo . Vintage , 2005 . ... MANHOOD , CITIZENSHIP ,
AND THE NATIONAL GUARD : ILLINOIS , 1870-1917 . Hannah , Eleanor L. Ohio
State ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: UCBK:C098759700

Category: Feminism

Page:

View: 327

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Manliness and Its Discontents

In America, at the turn of the twentieth century, manhood seemed to be a national
preoccupation. ... Everything from definitions of success and citizenship to
national conversations over expansion and empire was shaped, in part, by a
gendered set of ... Individuals cultivated their character through a number of
different mediums: the family, the church, the school, the fraternal organization,
and the military.

Author: Martin Summers

Publisher: Univ of North Carolina Press

ISBN: 9780807864173

Category: Social Science

Page: 400

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In a pathbreaking new assessment of the shaping of black male identity in the early twentieth century, Martin Summers explores how middle-class African American and African Caribbean immigrant men constructed a gendered sense of self through organizational life, work, leisure, and cultural production. Examining both the public and private aspects of gender formation, Summers challenges the current trajectory of masculinity studies by treating black men as historical agents in their own identity formation, rather than as screens on which white men projected their own racial and gender anxieties and desires. Manliness and Its Discontents focuses on four distinct yet overlapping social milieus: the fraternal order of Prince Hall Freemasonry; the black nationalist Universal Negro Improvement Association, or the Garvey movement; the modernist circles of the Harlem Renaissance; and the campuses of historically black Howard and Fisk Universities. Between 1900 and 1930, Summers argues, dominant notions of what it meant to be a man within the black middle class changed from a Victorian ideal of manliness--characterized by the importance of producer values, respectability, and patriarchy--to a modern ethos of masculinity, which was shaped more by consumption, physicality, and sexuality. Summers evaluates the relationships between black men and black women as well as relationships among black men themselves, broadening our understanding of the way that gender works along with class, sexuality, and age to shape identities and produce relationships of power.

Brothers to the Buffalo Soldiers

The connection that Douglass drew between the uniform, weapons, and
citizenship highlighted the importance of a ... Of course, actual military service
was a sine qua non argument in favor of responsible citizenship, and in Illinois
and ... they argued that their organizations created and developed ideal
characteristics of manhood.9 As Illinois guardsman Henry Lathrop Turner put it,
Eleanor L. Hannah.

Author: Bruce A. Glasrud

Publisher: University of Missouri Press

ISBN: 9780826272300

Category: History

Page: 256

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During the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, African American men were seldom permitted to join the United States armed forces. There had been times in early U.S. history when black and white men fought alongside one another; it was not uncommon for integrated units to take to battle in the Revolutionary War. But by the War of 1812, the United States had come to maintain what one writer called “a whitewashed army.” Yet despite that opposition, during the early 1800s, militia units made up of free black soldiers came together to aid the official military troops in combat. Many black Americans continued to serve in times of military need. Nearly 180,000 African Americans served in units of the U.S. Colored Troops during the Civil War, and others, from states such as Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Missouri, and Kansas, participated in state militias organized to protect local populations from threats of Confederate invasion. As such, the Civil War was a turning point in the acceptance of black soldiers for national defense. By 1900, twenty-two states and the District of Columbia had accepted black men into some form of military service, usually as state militiamen—brothers to the “buffalo soldiers” of the regular army regiments, but American military men regardless. Little has been published about them, but Brothers to the Buffalo Soldiers: Perspectives on the African American Militia and Volunteers, 1865–1919, offers insights into the varied experiences of black militia units in the post–Civil War period. The book includes eleven articles that focus either on “Black Participation in the Militia” or “Black Volunteer Units in the War with Spain.” The articles, collected and introduced by author and scholar Bruce A. Glasrud, provide an overview of the history of early black citizen-soldiers and offer criticism from prominent academics interested in that experience. Brothers to the Buffalo Soldiers discusses a previously little-known aspect of the black military experience in U.S. history, while deliberating on the discrimination these men faced both within and outside the military. Chosen on the bases of scholarship, balance, and readability, these articles provide a rare composite picture of the black military man’s life during this period. Brothers to the Buffalo Soldiers offers both a valuable introductory text for students of military studies and a solid source of material for African American historians.

National Manhood

Capitalist Citizenship and the Imagined Fraternity of White Men Dana D. Nelson,
Assistant Professor of English Dana D Nelson ... able to like ; in death , they
promised ( and asked the nation to promise along with them ) never to forget how
they had always truly recognized ... and patron , and emblazoned all over its
walls . . . as its ensign - armorial and its shield to guard it against evil and unwise
spirits .

Author: Dana D. Nelson

Publisher: Duke University Press Books

ISBN: STANFORD:36105023081438

Category: Social Science

Page: 344

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DIVHow white manhood comes to stand for the nation in the nineteenth-century U.S./div

The National Guardsman

GUARDSMAN NATIONAL A JOURNAL DEVOTED TO THE INTERESTS OF THE
NATIONAL GUARD OF THE U . S . VOL . I . No . 2 . ... 29 CONTENTS OF
SEPTEMBER NUMBER . for action , prompt , decisive and determined ; mental ;
is the administration of my department THE CITIZEN SOLDIERY . ... Official
Report of himselfappeal to manhood , to the sense of right , and BEFORE THE
BUTTS .

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: PRNC:32101059089522

Category: Military art and science

Page:

View: 934

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American Book Publishing Record

3 ' 3041 international perspectives on military leadership / edited by Bernd Horn
and Allister MacIntyre . Winnipeg ... 3 ' 70977309034 Manhood , citizenship , and
the National Guard : Illinois , 1870 - 1917 / Eleanor L . Hannah . Columbus ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015066180434

Category: American literature

Page:

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Reports

... military state they are to be , or ought to be , looked up to as being , for the time
, upon the higher ground , a higher moral plane , calculated to call out higher
thoughts and powers , calculated to develop higher manhood . The citizen
respects ...

Author: New Hampshire. General Court

Publisher:

ISBN: UCAL:B2998163

Category:

Page:

View: 346

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Choice

In those critical days before surrender , US political and military leaders were
prepared to drop atomic bombs for months ... State University 45-2795 UA170
2006-29311 CIP Hannah , Eleanor L. Manhood , citizenship , and the National
Guard ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: UCSC:32106017982452

Category: Academic libraries

Page:

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Proceedings and Debates of the Constitutional Convention of the State of New York Held in 1867 and 1868 in the City of Albany

The to guard them . Afterward , during ... The lot of our the devotion of citizens by
conferring on their national manhood is cast with these races , I trust towns
certain chartered privileges , held on the for wise and good purposes . Be , for
good or ...

Author: New York (State). Constitutional Convention

Publisher:

ISBN: HARVARD:LI34JE

Category: Constitutional conventions

Page:

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Proceedings and Debates of the Constitutional Convention Held in 1867 and 1868 in the City of Albany

The to guard them . Afterward , during ... The lot of our the devotion of citizens by
conferring on their national manhood is cast with these races , I trust towns
certain chartered privileges , held on the for wise and good purposes . Be , for
good or ...

Author: New York (State). Constitutional Convention

Publisher:

ISBN: MINN:31951002298260Z

Category:

Page:

View: 567

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Journal of Illinois History

By doing the same thing , African Americans demonstrated their belief that
equality of military service would carry with it equal ... Hannah , “ Manhood ,
Citizenship , and the Formation of the National Guards , Illinois , 1870–1917 ” (
Ph.D. diss .

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: UIUC:30112103936537

Category: Illinois

Page:

View: 896

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